Fort Chaffee is a military base built in 1941 for basic training.
It played a vital role in training soldiers for WWII and the Korean War, was the location for Elvis Presley's famous G.I. buzz cut, and continued to serve for training well into the 1990s. In the 1975, it was the relocation center for over 50,000 Vietnamese refugees, and in 1980, more than 18,000 Cuban refugees were processed there. It is now a National Guard training center, and in 1997, 7,000 acres (of the 72,000 acres that is Chaffee) was annexed and turned over to the Fort Chaffee Redevelopment Authority, which is turning the land into commercial, industrial, historical, and residential entities.